Northern Territories, Australia
Australia facts &
history in brief
Uluru (Ayers Rock) is a giant
outcrop of rock (Monolith) in the Northern Territory of
It rises 335 metres abruptly
from the sand dune plains, about
450 kilometres southwest of Alice Springs.
It is 867 metres above sea level.
The rock is more than 2.4 kilometres long
and 1.6 kilometres wide, and measures
8 kilometres around its base.
Formed by erosion.
It glows red during sunrise
Ayers Rock mainly made of sandstone
containing feldspar minerals
of the Cambrian age.
Similar rock lies under the sand plain around Ayers
The Ayers Rock probably dates back to
the Cretaceous period.
The Aboriginal name for Ayers Rock
is Uluru, meaning 'great pebble'.
The Aborigines decorated caves in
the rock with paintings.
Ernest Files, an explorer sighted
the rock in 1872.
William Gassed, another explorer,
visited it in 1878 and named it
in honour of Sir Henry Ayers, the
premier of South Australia.
Ayers Rock and the land around it
was returned to the former Aboriginal
owners, the Mutual people, in 1985.
The Mutual people turned over the
management of Uluru National Park
to the Australian Federal Government
on a 99-year lease.
A rather hard climb to
the top, but worth it.
Been there, done that.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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